Intra- and interspecific relationships between aquatic insects and tadpoles in a temporary pond, Southeastern Brazil
The aim of this study was to describe the local assemblage of tadpoles in temporary ponds in Fazenda Experimental de Lambari-MG (FELB-EPAMIG), identifying the potential predators and competitors, establishing their inter-relationships with abiotic factors and the patterns of microhabitat use of species.
Two temporary ponds were surveyed in the vicinity of FELB, one of them is a seepage pond in the road, and the other is a rice field. Voucher specimens were collected to species identification and after fixed and disposed in 5% formalin, being deposited in the herpetological collection of Laboratório e Museu de Zoologia da UNIFAL-MG. To establish the predation relationships in the surveyed habitats, we made essays. With this data, allied to the microhabitat occupation we made a phenogram and a scheme of possible trophic relationships between tadpoles and insects. The relationships of competition were detected after measurements of a niche overlap.
The niche overlap data and the species pairs from the phenogram permit us to make deductions about the ecological likeness of species. From the cluster analysis (UPGMA), two great groups arose: one with Scinax fuscovarius and S. fuscomarginatus very close, with a close relationship to Dendropsophus minutes (reflecting the nektonic guild), and the other that contains Leptodactylus fuscus and Physalaemus cuvieri, followed by D. rubicundulus (grouping the benthic tadpoles). The niche overlap measurement delimited two species pairs with overlap indexes equal to 0. 816 (P. cuvieri - D. rubicundulus and L. fuscus - P. cuvieri).
Conclusion: The data from the predation essays showed that the tadpoles of L. fuscus and D. minutes were fully palatable to the larvae of Thermonectus (Dytiscidae) and Berosus sp. (Hydrophilidae), and to adults of Belostoma plebejum. From the field observations, it is expected that the tadpoles are a common prey of Tramea sp larvae (Odonata: Libellulidae). The insects were an important component in influencing the predation on tadpoles, hence limiting their distribution. Due the high index of niche overlap, L. fuscus - P. cuvieri, D. rubicundulus – P. cuvieri e and D. rubicundulus – L. fuscus would be the species pairs most promising for future investigations on competitive interactions." />
No relevant conflicts of interest declared.
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